"There was never a good war or a bad peace." (Benjamin Franklin)
11 April 1613: Today, 300 years ago, the Treaty of Utrecht, establishing the Peace of Utrecht, was signed by Louis XIV of France, Spain’s new Bourbon King Philip V and representatives of the Grand Alliance of Great Britain, Portugal, Savoy and the Dutch United Provinces. After twelve years the War of the Spanish Succession was over for most of the belligerents.
With dominance at sea and Marlborough’s famous victories at Blenheim (1704), Ramilies (1706) and Oudenarde (1708), Great Britain felt to be a winner of the long war and Handel’s “Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate” celebrated another cornerstone in the foundation in its rise to be a global power.