"Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels." (Francisco de Goya)
30 March 1746: Today, 267 years ago, Francisco de Goya was born in Fuendetodos in Aragón. The Spanish painter and printmaker was a wanderer between the worlds, an old master as well as a modern, a court painter who had the nerve to paint the king and his family like "the corner baker and his wife after they won the lottery" (Théophile Gautier), as well as illustrating still lifes, bull fights and spiritual as well as physical abysses.
|Francisco de Goya: “Charles IV of Spain and His Family” (1800)|
When the corrupt monarchy in Spain fell, political turmoil and finally Napoleon's invasion of Spain and the Peninsular War followed, Goya became a chronicler of the atrocities of the age with a series of deeply unsettling paintings and prints.
After the restauration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1814, Goya, like many guerilleros, freedom fighters and liberals, fell out of favour and had to spent the last years of his life depicting his inner life, his demons and the perception of his late years.
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